WikiLeaks: US Undermined Democratic Elements of Syrian Opposition to Empower Radical Groups

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(MPN) — A not too long ago uncovered U.S. government document printed by WikiLeaks has revealed that the U.S. straight advocated for undermining “democratic” parts of the so-called Syrian “revolution” of 2011 in an effort to make sure the dominance of authoritarian, sectarian Sunni teams throughout the Syrian opposition.

The doc, written by the US Marine Corps (USMC) Intelligence Division in late 2011, additional asserts that empowering these radical Sunni teams over democratic and secular ones can be preferrred for the US and its regional companions, as guaranteeing the decline of the present Syrian authorities, and with it a secular Syria, would hurt Iran’s regional clout.

In different phrases, the U.S. overtly supported undermining democratic opposition forces in Syria in an effort to problem Iranian affect and, with it, the affect of the Center East’s “resistance axis” that obstructs the imperialistic agendas of the U.S. and its regional allies resembling Saudi Arabia and Israel.

In keeping with the doc, which was buried in a earlier WikiLeaks launch and recently uncovered by journalist Dr. Nafeez Ahmed, U.S. navy intelligence was effectively conscious that the Syrian opposition motion in 2011 didn’t pose “a significant menace towards the [Syrian] regime,” on condition that it was “extraordinarily fractured” and “working below monumental constraints.” It additionally famous that “studies of protests [against the Syrian government] are overblown,” despite the fact that “the exiled [Syrian] opposition has been fairly effecting (sic) in growing a story on the Syrian opposition to disseminate to main media businesses.”

That narrative — which was subsequently promoted by a number of overseas governments, together with the U.S., the U.Okay., Turkey and France — falsely claimed that the protests have been large and concerned largely peaceable protestors “rising up” towards the “autocratic” authorities led by Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. This document, in addition to substantial evidence that has emerged over the last several years, exhibits that this narrative, of a “peaceable rebellion” looking for to determine a secular and “democratic” Syria, has by no means been true, as even U.S. navy intelligence knew that the studies relating to these “peaceable” protests have been extremely exaggerated.

U.S. Calling on Turkey to Do Its Soiled Work

On condition that the USMC intelligence thought of the Syrian opposition motion in 2011 to be an ineffective drive for effecting change in Assad’s standing as Syria’s chief, the doc notes that it was within the U.S.’ curiosity for Turkey to “handle” efforts to destabilize the Assad-led authorities, as Turkey “is the nation with essentially the most leverage over Syria in the long run, and has an curiosity in seeing this territory return to Sunni rule.”

These Turkish-led efforts would contain regularly build up “linkages with teams inside Syria, focusing specifically on the Islamist remnants of the Muslim Brotherhood in attempting to style a viable Islamist political drive in Syria that may function below Ankara’s umbrella.” This in the end got here to cross, because the Turkey-backed Free Syrian Military – previously promoted as the primary drive of the “democratic” Syrian opposition however now well-known to be aradical, sectarian group – nonetheless takes its marching orders from Ankara.

The doc advocates for these efforts to mould the “fragmented” parts of the 2011 Syrian opposition into an “Islamist” puppet drive of Turkey in an effort to help the gradual “weakening of the Alawite [i.e., Assad] maintain on energy in Syria,” in addition to as a result of “Turkey, the US, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and others have a typical curiosity in attempting to severely below[mine] Iran’s foothold within the Levant and dial again Hezbollah’s political and navy affect in Lebanon.”

Additionally notable is the truth that USMC intelligence on the time knew that these efforts to undermine the present Syrian authorities would have a disastrous influence on the nation and its civilian inhabitants. Certainly, the doc notes this on two separate events, stating first that “any political transition in Syria away from the al-Assad clan will seemingly entail a violent, protracted civil battle” and later including that “the highway to regime change will probably be an extended and bloody one.”

Thus, not solely was U.S. navy intelligence advocating for the undermining of democratic and secular forces throughout the Syrian opposition, it was additionally conscious that the U.S.-backed efforts to undermine Assad would have “bloody” penalties for civilians in Syria. These admissions dramatically undercut past and present U.S. claims to be involved with Syrian civilians and their “call for freedom” from Assad, displaying as an alternative that the U.S. most well-liked the set up of a “pleasant” authoritarian, sectarian authorities in Syria and was uninterested within the destiny of Syrian civilians as long as the outcome “severely below[mined] Iran’s foothold within the Levant.”

For a lot of the final twenty years, however particularly for the reason that 2006 battle between Israel and Lebanon’s Hezbollah, the “resistance axis” — led by Iran — has emerged as the greatest threat to the hegemony of the US and its allies within the Center East. An influence bloc composed of Iran, Iraq, Syria, Hezbollah, and Hamas in Palestine, the “resistance axis” as a time period first emerged in 2010 to explain the alliances of nations and regional political teams opposed to continued Western intervention within the area, in addition to to the imperialist agendas of U.S. allies within the area like Israel and Saudi Arabia. Iran’s position because the de facto chief of this resistance bloc makes it, together with its major allies like Syria, a major goal of U.S. Center East coverage.


Washington’s help for a future authoritarian Syria could come as a shock to some, on condition that the U.S. has publicly promoted the narrative of a “democratic revolution” in Syria from 2011 to the current and has used requires the institution of a “new” secular democracy in Syria as the inspiration for its agenda of overthrowing the present Assad-led authorities.

Nonetheless, highly effective people in Washington have lengthy promoted an “authoritarian” and “Islamist” state in Syria with the aim of countering Iran, very similar to the plan detailed within the USMC intelligence doc.

As an example, present Nationwide Safety Adviser John Bolton called for the establishment of such a state in Syria again in 2015, stating on FOX Information:

I believe our goal needs to be a brand new Sunni state out of the western a part of Iraq, the japanese a part of Syria, run by moderates or not less than authoritarians who are usually not radical Islamists.”

Just a few months later, Bolton – this time in a New York Occasions op-ed – detailed his plan to create a sectarian Sunni state out of northeastern Syria and western Iraq, which he nicknamed “Sunni-stan.” He asserted that such a rustic would have “financial potential” as an oil producer, would function a “bulwark” towards the Syrian authorities and “Iran-allied Baghdad,” and would assist make sure the defeat of Daesh (ISIS). Bolton’s point out of oil is notable, because the proposed territory for this Sunni state sits on key oil fields that U.S. oil pursuits, resembling ExxonMobil and the Koch brothers, have sought to control if the partition of Iraq and Syria involves cross.

Bolton additionally advised that Arab Gulf States like Saudi Arabia “may present vital financing” for the creation of this future state, including that “the Arab monarchies like Saudi Arabia should not solely fund a lot of the brand new state’s early wants, but in addition guarantee its stability and resistance to radical forces.”

But Bolton fails to notice that Saudi Arabia is among the chief financiers of Daesh and largely responsible for spreading “radical” Wahhabi Islam all through the Center East. Thus, any future state that the Saudis would fund would undoubtedly mirror the ethos of Saudi Arabia itself – i.e., an authoritarian, radical Wahhabist state that executes nonviolent protestersoppresses minorities, and launches genocidal wars towards its neighbors in an effort to control their resources.

Moreover, the final word aim outlined throughout the USMC Intelligence doc of undermining  Iran’s regional clout continues to be the information for the U.S.’ present Syria coverage, which not too long ago modified but once more to incorporate regime change in Damascus as a part of its aim. As an example, earlier this yr, Bolton – in his capability as Nationwide Safety Adviser – stated that U.S. troops would stay in Syria “so long as the Iranian menace continues all through the Center East.”

Extra not too long ago, the Trump administration “redefined” its Syria coverage to incorporate “the exit of all Iranian navy and proxy forces from Syria” because the administration’s prime precedence, whereas additionally calling for the set up of “a secure, non-threatening authorities” that may not have Assad as Syria’s chief.

Thus, whereas seven years have come and gone for the reason that leaked doc was written by USMC intelligence, little has modified with regards to the U.S.’ long-standing objectives in Syria and its callous disregard for the need of the Syrian individuals and Syrian democracy.